Relative dating the rocks
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Time factors of millions and billions of years is difficult even for adults to comprehend.However, "relative" dating or time can be an easy concept for students to learn.
Scientific measurements such as radiometric dating use the natural radioactivity of certain elements found in rocks to help determine their age.If certain fossils are typically found only in a particular rock unit and are found in many places worldwide, they may be useful as index or guide fossils in determining the age of undated strata.By using this information from rock formations in various parts of the world and correlating the studies, scientists have been able to establish the geologic time scale.Materials: two sets of sequence cards in random order (set A: nonsense syllables; set B: sketches of fossils), pencil, paper Procedure Set A: 1) Spread the cards with the nonsense syllables on the table and determine the correct sequence of the eight cards by comparing letters that are common to individual cards and, therefore, overlap.The first card in the sequence has "Card 1, Set A" in the lower left-hand corner and represents the bottom of the sequence.PALEONTOLOGY, AND in particular the study of dinosaurs, is an exciting topic to people of all ages.
Although most attention in today's world focuses on dinosaurs and why they became extinct, the world of paleontology includes many other interesting organisms which tell us about Earth's past history.For example, most limestones represent marine environments, whereas, sandstones with ripple marks might indicate a shoreline habitat or a riverbed.Return to top The study and comparison of exposed rock layers or strata in various parts of the earth led scientists in the early 19th century to propose that the rock layers could be correlated from place to place.Sequencing the rock layers will show students how paleontologists use fossils to give relative dates to rock strata.Once students begin to grasp "relative" dating, they can extend their knowledge of geologic time by exploring radiometric dating and developing a timeline of Earth's history.This would also mean that fossils found in the deepest layer of rocks in an area would represent the oldest forms of life in that particular rock formation.