Polygyny dating - jessica tovey dating
In many polygynous marriages the husband's wives may live in separate households Polyandry is the practice wherein a woman has more than one husband at the same time.Polyandry is much less popular than polygyny and is illegal in virtually every state in the world. Polyandry is believed to be more likely in societies with scarce environmental resources, as it is believed to limit human population growth and enhance child survival.
The wife's family, in other words, must provide a replacement for her thus maintaining the ties between them.
In Europe, this was prevented through the social practice of impartible inheritance (the disinheriting of most siblings, many of whom went on to become celibate monks and priests).
Fraternal polyandry was traditionally practiced among nomadic Tibetans in Nepal, parts of China and part of northern India, in which two or more brothers are married to the same wife.
In some of the sparsely populated regions where shifting cultivation takes place in Africa, women do much of the work.
This favours polygamous marriages in which men sought to monopolize the production of women "who are valued both as workers and as child bearers".
It is most common in societies marked by high male mortality.
It is associated with partible paternity, the cultural belief that a child can have more than one father.In such cases, the deceased man's heir may inherit his assets and wife; or, more usually, his brothers may marry the widow.This provides support for the widow and her children (usually also members of the brothers' kin group) and maintains the tie between the husband and wives' kin groups.Anthropologist Jack Goody's comparative study of marriage around the world utilizing the Ethnographic Atlas demonstrated an historical correlation between the practice of extensive shifting horticulture and polygamy in the majority of sub-Saharan African societies.Drawing on the work of Ester Boserup, Goody notes that the sexual division of labour varies between the male-dominated intensive plough-agriculture common in Eurasia and the extensive shifting horticulture found in sub-Saharan Africa.The vast majority of polygamous marriages are polygynous.